In many ways, we embrace a god of the gaps theology. A theology that teaches that God only shows up in the major events of life, but not in the day to day. It denies God’s active control over us and pushes Him to the sidelines. Such a theology allows us to lead a radically secularized life and yet cry out to God. Psalm 86 rejects a radical secularized worldview and instead embraces a radical supernatural worldview. As David demonstrates, God is not a god of the gaps, but the God who is actively at work in the day to day life of His people.
In Psalm 40, David bears witness to what God has done in the past. He has delivered the psalmist from the miry clay and set his feet upon a firm rock. Now, however, as new evils have come upon him, his sins are suffocating him and his enemies are in pursuit. The psalmist once again needs God’s forgiveness and freedom from those who wish him evil. He sees himself as “poor and needy,” and he eagerly calls upon the Lord to deliver him.
Psalm 91 is a triumphant psalm. It is triumphant because it promises that God will guard and guide believers through spiritual warfare. This does not promise that believers will be free from the evils of life, but that God will bring them through those evils. As well, it should be noted that the promises of Psalm 91 do not necessarily apply to all believers, but only to those who dwell in the secret place of the Most High and confess Him as their refuge and fortress.
Psalm 19 is a gold mine of theology. It reveals God speaking through His works (vv. 1–6) and through His Word (vv. 7–14). The psalmist moves from the general revelation given in heaven and earth, to the special revelation in God’s Law, the Torah and finally ending with his own heart. It is God’s intention in communicating through all His works in nature and through all the specifics of His Word to reach humanity. God speaks in order that people might hear and obey.