- But Peter said, Ananias, why has Satan filled your heart to lie to the Holy Spirit […] You have not lied to men but to God. - Acts 5:3-4
- yet for us there is but one God, the Father, from whom are all things and we exist for Him; - 1 Corinthians 8:6
- But of the Son He says, Your throne, O God, is forever and ever, - Hebrews 1:8
The Father is God, the Son is God and the Holy Spirit is God. While equal to one another, each person of the Godhead is distinct from the others. The Father is not the Son or the Holy Spirit. The Son is not the Father or the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit is not the Father or the Son. Though distinct, no one Person is inferior to the others.
The best example of the Trinity is the chemical H20 — water. Water can exists in all three states — gas, liquid, and solid — without changing chemically. When an ice cube sets out and begins to melt, H20 exist in all three states at the same time. As ice, the water is in its solid state. The melting of the ice produces both steam (i.e., gas) and a puddle (i.e., liquid).
That they share the same essence and attributes demonstrates the unity within the Godhead.
- Hear, O Israel! The Lord is our God, the Lord is one! - Deuteronomy 6:4
- Jesus answered, The foremost is, Hear, O Israel! The Lord our God is one Lord; - Mark 12:29
While all three Persons share the same essence and attributes, the Godhead is undivided. The undivided nature of God is best demonstrated mathematically — 1x1x1=1. As well, oneness indicates that the individual persons of the Godhead cannot act independently of one another.