- For He spoke, and it was done; He commanded, and it stood fast. - Psalm 33:9
- Praise Him, all His angels; Praise Him, all His hosts! Praise Him, sun and moon; Praise Him, all stars of light! Praise Him, highest heavens, And the waters that are above the heavens! Let them praise the name of the Lord, For He commanded and they were created. - Psalm 148:2-5
Thus, God created by command or divine fiat (ex verbum deo). Furthermore, what He commanded into existence, was not made from previously existing matter.
- By faith we understand that the worlds were prepared by the word of God, so that what is seen was not made out of things which are visible. - Hebrews 11:3
This is underscored by the Hebrew term bārā’ translated as created in Genesis 1:1. The term bārā’ means to produce something which never existed before.
What did God command into existence? God commanded all things into existence, including time, space and matter. Time, space, and matter are not eternal. First, Einstein’s Theory of General Relativity demonstrates that time cannot exist independently of matter and energy. Second, the Second Law of Thermodynamics states that the amount of energy in the universe is running out. Since time cannot exist independent of matter and energy and the amount of energy in the universe is running out, then time and matter would be running out as well. If time, matter, and energy are running out, they will come to an end. Also, if the universe is losing said time, matter, and energy, it too will come to an end. If these have an end, then they had a beginning and are not eternal.