- All Scripture is inspired by God, and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, for training in righteousness; - 2 Timothy 3:16
Inspiration comes from two Greek terms theos meaning God and pneuma meaning breath. God did not breathe on the text to inspire it. Instead, He breathed the Scriptures, out of His mouth (Matthew 4:4).
- But He answered and said, It is written, Man shall not live on bread alone, but on every word that proceeds out of the mouth of God. - Matthew 4:4
The Scriptures were penned by humans. When God breathed out His Word, He communicated His words to human writers, who in turn recored what was spoken by God. These men were not supernatural or inspired. Scripture was not the by-product of their logic or reasoning (1 Thessalonians 2:13; 2 Peter 1:21).
- For this reason we also constantly thank God that when you received the Word of God which you heard from us, you accepted it not as the word of men, but for what it really is, the word of God, which also performs its work in you who believe. - 1 Thessalonians 2:13
- for no prophecy was ever made by an act of human will, but men moved by the Holy Spirit spoke from God. - 2 Peter 1:21
Rather than producing the Scriptures on their own, the human authors were moved by the Holy Spirit. Moved by the Holy Spirit means that they were led, directed, or carried along by the Holy Spirit. This moving is what is known as the superintending or divine directing of the Holy Spirit.