- For You will not abandon my soul to Sheol; Nor will You allow Your Holy One to undergo decay.- Psalm 16:10
There is a two-fold reference in this verse — Sheol and decay. The reference to not allowing His body to decay is a reference to the grave. This is a clear reference to the fact, that Christ would be bodily resurrected.
Sheol is the place of the dead. Originally, Sheol was composed of a Lower Compartment and Upper Compartment. The Upper Compartment, known as known as Abraham’s Bosom or Paradise is where the just went.
- Oh that You would hide me in Sheol, That You would conceal me until Your wrath returns to You, That You would set a limit for me and remember me! If a man dies, will he live again? All the days of my struggle I will wait Until my change comes. You will call, and I will answer You; You will long for the work of Your hands. - Job 14:13-15
The Lower Compartment is where the wicked dwell.
- For a fire is kindled in My anger, And burns to the lowest part of Sheol, And consumes the earth with its yield, And sets on fire the foundations of the mountains. - Deuteronomy 32:22
When Christ died, His soul and spirit entered into Paradise and then went over to Hell and preached to the imprisoned spirits in Tarturus.
- And He said to him, Truly I say to you, today you shall be with Me in Paradise. - Luke 23:43
- in which also He went and made proclamation to the spirits now in prison, - 1 Peter 3:19
That prophecy of Psalm 16 declares that Christ’s soul and spirit would not remain in the place of the dead. Furthermore, it foretells that His body would not undergo decay. Seventy-two hours after His death, Christ’s soul and spirit rejoined His body in the grave, from whence He was bodily resurrected from the dead unto life.